BDD, TDD, and Everything Between

Behavior Driven Development, Test Driven Development, and Everything Between

What is TDD (Test Driven Development)

Test Driven Development was introduced by Kent Beck, in 2003.  This followed the concepts of Extreme Programming, introduced in 1999 with a development experiment done by both IBM and Microsoft.
The purpose of the Test Driven Development is to make sure code is clear, tested, and as redundant as possible, by making sure the tests are written first, and code is being added to "fill the blanks".  Every code iteration needs to pass all tests (may those be unit tests, integration tests, data integrity tests, or UI tests).
Writing the tests first allow us to see what fails, how, and allow us to visualize the structure of our code, by making sure each test is performed to test a specific, extremely defined sub-section of a feature.
Let's assume a "BasicMaths" class, to perform simple mathematics operations.
  1. [TestClass]  
  2. public class UnitTest1 {  
  3.     [TestMethod]  
  4.     public void Test_AddMethod() {  
  5.             BasicMaths bm = new BasicMaths();  
  6.             double res = bm.Add(10, 10);  
  7.             Assert.AreEqual(res, 20);  
  8.         }  
  9.         [TestMethod]  
  10.     public void Test_SubstractMethod() {  
  11.             BasicMaths bm = new BasicMaths();  
  12.             double res = bm.Substract(10, 10);  
  13.             Assert.AreEqual(res, 0);  
  14.         }  
  15.         [TestMethod]  
  16.     public void Test_DivideMethod() {  
  17.             BasicMaths bm = new BasicMaths();  
  18.             double res = bm.divide(10, 5);  
  19.             Assert.AreEqual(res, 2);  
  20.         }  
  21.         [TestMethod]  
  22.     public void Test_MultiplyMethod() {  
  23.         BasicMaths bm = new BasicMaths();  
  24.         double res = bm.Multiply(10, 10);  
  25.         Assert.AreEqual(res, 100);  
  26.     }  
  27. }  

As you can see, we have made sure to write our unit tests first, with pre defined values and the expected result to assert.
Obviously, this will throw compilation errors as the class nor the methods exist.  Next, we will create them (using Visual Studio, they can be generated from the unit test).
  1. public class BasicMaths {  
  2.     public double Add(double num1, double num2) {  
  3.         return num1 + num2;  
  4.     }  
  5.     public double Substract(double num1, double num2) {  
  6.         return num1 - num2;  
  7.     }  
  8.     public double divide(double num1, double num2) {  
  9.         return num1 / num2;  
  10.     }  
  11.     public double Multiply(double num1, double num2) {
  12.         return num1 + num2;  
  13.     }  
  14. }  
You may notice one of these methods won't work as expected. This is intentional. Testing for failure is as important as testing for success.
Now that we have our code, we will run the unit test.  It will display an error, saying the Multiply unit test has failed.  This makes sense as it returns 20, and not the expected value: 100.
We should correct it like that:
  1. public double Multiply(double num1, double num2) {
  2.         return num1 * num2;  
  3.     }   

What is BDD (Behavior Driven Development)

Behavior Driven Development assumes requirements may be vague (due to language barriers, a complicated domain, or other).
BDD builds on the Given - When - Then formula:

  • Given a certain scenario
  • When an action takes place
  • Then this should happen
and the Role-Feature-Reason matrix:
  • As a role in the flow
  • I want to perform an action
  • So that the desired outcome will happen
Using libraries such as BDDFY (SpecFlow, or LightBDD) you can create your unit tests before writing your code
  1. [TestClass]  
  2. public class UnitTest1 {  
  3.   private readonly BasicMaths bm = new BasicMaths();
  4.   private readonly Values values = new Values();
  5.     
  6.     [Test]  
  7.     public void ShouldAbleToAddTwoNumbers(decimal p1, decimal p2, decimal result) {  
  8.             this.Given(_ => _.GivenIHaveTwoValues(p1, p2))
  9.             this.When(_ => _.WhenIAddThem())
  10.             this.Then((_=>_.ThenIGetTheExpectedResult(result))
  11.             this.BDDfy();
  12.         }  
  13.  
  14. [Test]  
  15.     public void ShouldAbleToSubtractTwoNumbers(decimal p1, decimal p2, decimal result) {  
  16.             this.Given(_ => _.GivenIHaveTwoValues(p1, p2))
  17.             this.When(_ => _.WhenISubtractThem())
  18.             this.Then((_=>_.ThenIGetTheExpectedResult(result))
  19.             this.BDDfy();
  20.         }  
  21.       
  22.     public void GivenIHaveTwoValues (decimal p1, decimal p2)() {  
  23.             values.Value1 = p1;
  24.             values.Value2 = p2;
  25.         }  
  26.        
  27.     public void WhenIAddThem () {  
  28.             Values.Result = bm.Add(values.Value1, values.Value2);
  29.         }  
  30.         
  31. public void WhenISubtractThem () {  
  32.             Values.Result = bm.Subtract(values.Value1, values.Value2);
  33.         }   

  34.     public void ThenIGetTheExpectedResult(decimal result) {  
  35.         Values.Result.ShouldBe(result);
  36.     }  
  37. }  
  38.  
  39. Scenario Should be able to add two numbers
  40.      Given I have two values 1.2, 2.3
  41.      When I add them
  42.      Then I get the expected result 3.5

  43. Scenario Should be able to subtract two numbers
  44.      Given I have subtract values 5, 3
  45.      When I subtract them
  46.      Then I get the expected result 2

Everything Between (Opinions, and Conclusions)

As you can see, these are two seperate approches towards unit testing, and testing in general,  While it seems like BDD requires a bit more code, this is only due to the nature of the framework, which enables the use of proper English.  The output from the BDD approach will be much more readable.  More over, this approach allows the stakeholders (and/or QA) to create their own scenarios, thus making sure we are testing what is needed, and not what we think id needed.

This approach eliminates the constant wondering of "What should be tested" as it is the QA and business side who decides that.  It does (and will) prevent developers testing built-in methods such as .ToString() or performing tests for cases we're not interested in.

Testing for failure is as important as testing for success

Elad Shalom, M.Sc
Director of R&D at InteliSys Aviation Systems

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    If you’re new to this, probably the first question in your head is what’s a group buy SEO tools service? We will get to it later. Tired of spending hundreds of dollars every month on Digital Marketing tools? And the list of these tools is quite long. Most premium SEO Tools like Ahrefs, SEMrush, Moz Pro, KWFinder, Majestic, BuzzSumo, and many more are costly for a beginner. No matter how much you’re spending, it’s still not enough, is it?

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  54. Hello admin,
    It’s that period of the year again when you please your siblings with gifts, chocolates, and of course, respect and love. Yes, we are discussing the famous Indian festival, Raksha Bandhan. Though we continuously tend to protect our siblings and maintain a close eye on them (externally them seeing), this special day is rejoiced just to express how much we care and love each other. On this day, sisters usually tie a rakhi around their brothers’ wrist, while praying for their success and well-being. You can also tie a rakhi throughout your sister’s wrist. Yes, now you can purchase cute rakhis for sisters from the comfort of your home
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  55. Skin Care Guide- Know About Proper Skin Care
    Skin is the most serious concern of every individual. Skin is like our cover guard. However, skin is mostly affected by our physique. The Sunrays directly touch our skin. The UV rays also can provide harmful reactions to our skin. Pollution, dirt, germs, every element torture our skin extensively. For all these our skin becomes toxic. So to protect our skin from all these bad impacts, we need proper skin care. Now, if you are asked what proper skincare is. We will receive various answers. It’s up to you how you’ll take care of your skin and what will be your skin care products list.

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  56. Group Buy SEO Tool Service In 2021
    How would you feel if we told you that with the group buy SEO tools service, you can actually save these hundreds of dollars you’re spending every month and re-invest the same money on your projects and make a lot more? If you think this is a great idea, then yes, this article is precisely for you. This is why thousands of industry experts are using this service. Okay, so now that we have got you hooked to this article, let’s get straight to the point.

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  57. In the ancient days, the word ‘champo’ was so famous. What is it? The mothers or grandmothers massaged the head, scalp, and hair by pressing decently with oil or any other herbs, etc. From this Hindi word, ‘champo’, the word ‘shampoo’ was derived. Shampoo is also an item that is used to massage or press our head, scalp, and hair. In the recent era, there are countless variations of shampoo in the market. And it’s tough to claim one among them which is the Best shampoo in the world. First of all, we need to know about the benefits of shampoo.
    In the ancient days, the word ‘champo’ was so famous. What is it? The mothers or grandmothers massaged the head, scalp, and hair by pressing decently with oil or any other herbs, etc. From this Hindi word, ‘champo’, the word ‘shampoo’ was derived. Shampoo is also an item that is used to massage or press our head, scalp, and hair. In the recent era, there are countless variations of shampoo in the market. And it’s tough to claim one among them which is the Best shampoo in the world. First of all, we need to know about the benefits of shampoo.

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  59. Why You Must Consider DevOps
    There’s no doubt that the DevOps concept is becoming more popular and mainstream as days go by. DevOp pros outweigh the cons, and big and small businesses have not been left behind when it comes to reaping all the benefits. You see, DevOps doesn’t just benefit your IT department. Implementing strategies that prioritize development and operations collaboration impact your operational quality, productivity, and revenue.

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  60. Group Buy SEO Tool Service In 2021 For Premium SEO Tools
    Group buy SEO tools group buying service in 2021 for premium SEO tools is a term used to buy SEO gadgets in groups on a shared premise when you cannot manage the cost of them separately. It offers a scenario to share those expensive devices at a reasonable cost. In this way, a single instrument is divided among people who cannot buy it from authorized dealers. For bloggers and digital advertisers, SEO devices are essential. They can sustain themselves without it. However, because they are important, they also come at a high cost.

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  61. Beauty tips

    Taking care of yourself is really important. These beauty tips have stood the test of time at their best and have come out victorious. These are the basics you've always known and followed, as your ubiquitous grandmother's convention is sealed with these tips. Here's the beauty guide for all the beauty and skincare junkies out there. Try these beauty tips for yourself first and don't forget to thank us later! For more visit (https://shailybeautytips.com) and learn more contact (shailybeautytips@gmail.com)

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  62. DoFollow Profile Creation Sites In 2021

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    Building links is one of the fastest ways to increase website authority. It is difficult for everyone to create backlinks from a special authority website. The creation of a Profile is one of the most effective link building techniques by which you can create a profile on different platforms such as SEMRush, social networking, business listing etc. Let’s see in detail about it….

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  63. Personalised Rakhi Gifts For Brother

    Rakhi is the festival that resembles the sacred thread that sisters wrap around their brothers’ wrists to show love and care for him. According to Hindu mythology, it is a very auspicious festive, and with advancement in technology, you can also look for a rakhi gift for your brother in the USA. Rakhi is a short and informal name for the Hindu holiday of Raksha Bandhan, which is observed in India. It is a festival of love, caring, and spreading joy. You can also look for a rakhi gift for your brother in the USA or send it online.
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  64. Instagram SEO: 7 Key Ideas To Rank On The App

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    When you use Instagram to market your brand, the perfect way to gain success is by increasing your following first. The more people you reach, the more possibilities of driving sales. Therefore, improving your Instagram is at most important.

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  65. What is SEO for a website?

    WHAT IS SEO IN DIGITAL MARKETING

    Search engine optimization is related to simplifying a site for search engines. We’ve this guide so you can know more about SEO and what SEO advertising means. SEO for a websiteWith this asset off SEO, you will have the option to give your website a great definition and generate long-term results.Perhaps the biggest query that people have is What is SEO for a website and how does it work?

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  66. DERMATOLOGIST CLINIC

    The skin is said to be like a bag that wraps the entire surface of the human body. The bag contains internal organs such as the heart, stomach, and intestines, as well as bones, muscles, blood vessels, and so on, but of course the skin is not just a bag. DERMATOLOGIST CLINIC

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  67. Different Types of Vedix Products to Look Out For
    Every girl loves their hair and wants it to look the finest when stepping out of their houses. Hair is known as an important thing on our body, making us look more beautiful from the outside. And also adds more charm to our personality. So this is why proper hair care is essentially done. The best way to keep your hair good is to use different hair care products specially designed for this particular purpose only. VEDIX is a company with an excellent range of hair care products that are much reliable and affordable. They have every important product to make your hair look more good and free of damage, such as split ends. Use the right products for your hair and have an amazing look every time.

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  68. How Leadership Has Changed

    The vision of yesterday’s leader – stern, by-the-book, and ruling with an iron fist – still lingers somewhere out there,

    but mainly exists in outdated films and old television shows. Today’s leaders are expected to be more like Michael Scott in

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  70. Beanie Cap- Types and how to wear


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    Blank Beanie Cap hats aren’t just for cold weather. A hat is an important item to protect your important head when you fall. It also has a great deal to do with safety. In addition, hats that create a look around the face can be the cornerstone of snowboarding fashion. Get to know the types and functions of hats and enjoy fashion coordination.

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  71. Top 10 Benefits Of SEO – Advantages of SEO

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    In Today’s digital world, SEO is a commonly spoken word. What is SEO in actuality? The full form of SEO is Search Engine Optimization. There are millions of people who are running their websites. But among the pile of unlimited websites, there are particularly some websites that exist in the top list. Who helps them to get the top position? It’s SEO. It assists to raise the level of quality and quantity of traffic. Which enables the websites to come in the top front through organic search engine results. SEO is responsible to attract numerous visitors to a site. Do you want to know about what are the advantages of SEO? Yes, this is the article on the Benefits Of SEO that you expect now. So let’s explore.

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  72. HOW MANY TIMES A DAY SHOULD YOU MOISTURIZE YOUR FACE
    .
    The body skin forms one of the five senses that normal human beings have. It feels internally, for instance the goosebumps, and external touch. Out of the human skin that stretches across the body, the facial skin is the most delicate one. So taking care of it is necessary for bright, smooth and clear skin. The moisturizer for face helps in easing its features with proper hydrating agents and smoothening moisturize effect.

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  73. Hyperpigmentation 101: What Is It & How to Treat It?
    The quantity of melanin in your skin determines the skin color. Melanin is a substance generated by melanocytes, which are a kind of skin cell. Your skin is in a continuous process of transformation. New skin cells are generated in the epidermis’ lower levels and progressively move up to the surface of the skin, where they expire and are brushed off. Melanocytes are found in the epidermis’ deeper levels. Melanocytes generate more melanin in individuals with coloured skin than those with fair skin. Melanin generation is triggered by UV exposure as well as irritation.

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  74. Why the need to test breast milk?

    how to test breast milk quality

    Proud is the woman who delivers a baby. But she starts to worry about her baby’s nutrition and overall well-being. Hence, new mothers are required to know more about their breast milk and its importance for the baby. She needs to know the most appropriate latching techniques as well as identify the best available foods to enhance breast milk quality. Breast milk is considered to be the very first food that is digested by the baby. It is also stated to be the only nutrition source available to them. You may perhaps want to know if your breast milk is nutritious enough to meet your baby’s needs or not.

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  75. Instagram SEO: 7 Key Ideas To Rank On The App

    When you use Instagram to market your brand, the perfect way to gain success is by increasing your following first. The more people you reach, the more possibilities of driving sales. Therefore, improving your Instagram is at most important.

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  76. How Leadership Has Changed Today from 5 Years Ago
    The vision of yesterday’s leader – stern, by-the-book, and ruling with an iron fist – still lingers somewhere out there, but mainly exists in outdated films and old television shows. Today’s leaders are expected to be more like Michael Scott in The Office – humorous, fun-loving, friendly, and empathetic. But what caused this massive change in leadership, and how are leaders expected to manage their businesses today?

    ReplyDelete
  77. Will Swift help to Speed up the Development of Enterprise Applications?

    Tim Cook proclaimed Swift to be the programming language that will “completely reimagine business application Development as we know it” back in 2015. Swift programming, which is currently available as an open-source language, offers a number of advantages, including the ability to speed the creation and Development of mobile applications.

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  78. 6 Simple Ways to Build a Strong SEO Strategy
    It isn’t constantly about trying to move for the maximum famous search phrases and expecting so that it will compete with the huge fish right out of the gate. It’s about knowing your target audience and seeking to provide the content, facts, and standard provider they want/need. With that in thought, right here are six search engine optimization pointers that might be simply as effective now in 2021 as they’ve continually been. SEO Strategy

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  79. Benefits Of Using Eminence Rosehip Moisturizer Cream

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    Ithink many people don’t use the moisturizer that is used at the end of skincare because they don’t like stickiness or it’s troublesome. It’s certainly not recommended for everyone, but it’s best to use the moisturizer as much as possible to avoid dryness and skin problems. Introducing the necessity and benefits of using Eminence Rosehip Moisturizer cream.

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  80. Symptoms Of Kidney Disease
    Typical symptoms of kidney disease include proteinuria, hematuria, swelling (edema), hypertension, and changes in urine volume, but there are few subjective symptoms at the initial stage, and they are often found only after examination. The condition in which Tanda sakit buah pinggang progresses and the function of the kidneys declines is called renal failure, and it is roughly divided into acute renal failure that may recover and chronic renal failure that is unlikely to recover.

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  81. Need To Know About Symptoms Of Kidney Disease
    Typical symptoms of kidney disease include proteinuria, hematuria, swelling (edema), hypertension, and changes in urine volume, but there are few subjective symptoms at the initial stage, and they are often found only after examination. The condition in which Tanda sakit buah pinggang progresses and the function of the kidneys declines is called renal failure, and it is roughly divided into acute renal failure that may recover and chronic renal failure that is unlikely to recover.

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  82. What Are The Benefits of Teeth Whitening

    Teeth Whitening aims to make the tooth color whiter and brighter by applying a whitening agent to the surface of the tooth and decomposing the coloring substances that have entered the enamel. There are three types: office whitening performed at the dental clinic, home whitening performed at home, and dual whitening that combines both.

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  83. Hello admin,
    The most common way to make your nails beautiful is Nail colors. It is very easy to apply and there are plenty of options available in the market for nail polishes from the cheapest nail polish to the high-quality expensive one. Nowadays, nail polish is becoming an essential part of even make-up. The nail polish companies are using their creative art and introducing thousands of color varieties of nail polish. There are so many international brands for cosmetics, which deal in nail polishes like Nykaa, Lakme, Loreal Paris, Maybelline, Revlon, ElLe18, blue heaven, and many more. hpolishes are categorized in different styles as shining, nude, glittered, pastel, and matt, and so on as per the season.
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  84. Beautiful Mehendi Designs To Look Out For This Karwa Chauth
    Every woman loves to look beautiful. Whether you prepare yourself for some occasion or any function, the tradition to decorate yourself with jewels, new clothes, and new hairstyles will always be the priority. Then how can a beautiful girl step back when it comes to mehndi designs for Karwa Chauth.

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  85. Need To Know About Symptoms Of Kidney Disease

    Typical symptoms of kidney disease include proteinuria, hematuria, swelling (edema), hypertension, and changes in urine volume, but there are few subjective symptoms at the initial stage, and they are often found only after examination. The condition in which Tanda sakit buah pinggang progresses and the function of the kidneys declines is called renal failure, and it is roughly divided into acute renal failure that may recover and chronic renal failure that is unlikely to recover

    ReplyDelete
  86. Top 15 Cosmetics Brands in India – Leading Cosmetic Products Brands in India

    If you are searching for the best cosmetics products in India then you are at the right place. The excellence business is blasting like firecrackers and the interest for cosmetics items is soaring knowing no finishes. With multitudinous brands and remarkable items presented by every one of them, it becomes hard for the purchasers to single out an item by a specific brand. To limit your decisions and strain the best part is that we bring a rundown of the top 15 Cosmetics Brands in India generally utilized by top cosmetics craftsmen of Delhi, Gurgaon, and so forth that you can go overboard with.

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  87. Why is a social media marketing strategy important for an online business?
    In the modern era, online business need a great social media marketing strategy to trigger customers about their brands and reach a wider space. This in turn forecasts that companies need to be equipped with compelling and informative content to engage people about their products and services.

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  88. 10 Popular Nail Colors for Summer 2021
    The most common way to make your nails beautiful is Nail colors. It is very easy to apply and there are plenty of options available in the market for nail polishes from the cheapest nail polish to the high-quality expensive one. Nowadays, nail polish is becoming an essential part of even make-up. The nail polish companies are using their creative art and introducing thousands of color varieties of nail polish. There are so many international brands for cosmetics, which deal in nail polishes like Nykaa, Lakme, Loreal Paris, Maybelline, Revlon, ElLe18, blue heaven, and many more. hpolishes are categorized in different styles as shining, nude, glittered, pastel, and matt, and so on as per the season

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  89. Cetaphil Bright Healthy Reveal Creamy Cleanser, 100gm
    Cetaphil Bright Healthy Reveal Creamy Cleanser is a marvelous product that cleanses away impurities. And provides a radiant illuminated glow to the skin. This product contains natural ingredients like sea daffodil, niacinamide & other vitamins, etc. Daffodil is a natural plant that reduces dark spots and provides an even tone to the skin. Niacinamide is vitamin B3 that helps to lighten the dark spots and reduces inflammation & redness. And another gentle bright technology enhances the glow. No harmful chemicals occur so 100% safe. Cetaphil Cleanser develops dermatologically and is tested worldwide. creamy, fragrance-free & hypoallergic.

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  91. Cetaphil Oily Skin Cleanser, 125m

    Cetaphil Oily Skin Cleanser, 125m


    Cetaphil Oily Skin Cleanse is the best product specially for oily, combination & pimple prone skin which keeps the skin soft, smooth & glowing. It keeps a Ph balance which doesn’t deplete the skin oil & maintain the skin moisture naturally. Cetaphil Skin Cleanse tests dermatologically. No harmful chemicals occur, soap-free & no alcohol. It provides gentle forming i.e. no irritation formula. Cetaphil oily skin cleanser removes the excess oil, prevents the pimple, removes the dirt, dead cell & light form of makeup. It is non-comedogenic i.e. it doesn’t clog the pores so the skin becomes soft and smooth. Make a routine and use daily and cleanse & moisturize the face and body.

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  92. 9 Different Ways to Improve Your Character Animations
    There are no two opinions about the fact that character animations are the future of marketing. Animations make it really easy to explain the concepts and market the product/services. The handy approach will help you in channelizing and propagating interactions with different team members easily. To add life to animation, people use appealing characters by taking the help of the best motion graphics artist.

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  94. How Influencer Marketing Can Impact Your SEO?
    Businesses do Influencer Marketing with the sole aim of establishing trust with their audience. It involves companies collaborating with popular people who have a sizable following on social media platforms to promote their brand.

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  95. Top 10 Benefits Of SEO for Small Business – SEO Tips 2021
    In Today’s digital world, SEO is a commonly spoken word. What is SEO in actuality? The full form of SEO is Search Engine Optimization. There are millions of people who are running their websites. But among the pile of unlimited websites, there are particularly some websites that exist in the top list. Who helps them to get the top position? It’s SEO. It assists to raise the level of quality and quantity of traffic. Which enables the websites to come in the top front through organic search engine results. SEO is responsible to attract numerous visitors to a site. Do you want to know about what are the advantages of SEO? Yes, this is the article on the Benefits Of SEO that you expect now. So let’s explore.

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  96. Top 10 Java Development Errors and How to Avoid Them
    A programming language called Java was originally created for interactive television, but it has now expanded to almost every area in which software can be used. Because it was developed with the concept of object-oriented programming in mind, and because it eliminated the complexity of previous programming languages such as C or C++, as well as garbage collection and an architecturally agnostic virtual machine, Java revolutionized the way people program. Furthermore, it has a gradual learning curve and seems to be effective in adhering to its own mission statement.

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  97. 9 Different Ways to Improve Your Character Animations
    To make the animation more powerful, you can move every part of a character. And to proceed with that, you need to realize the concept of movement. By clearly evaluating the intentions of the individuals behind every scene, then you can animate the characters easily and in a more realistic way.

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  99. What is the Difference Between React.JS and React Native?
    React Native is an interesting framework and much appreciated among the global community of developers largely because it is a cross-platform mobile app development framework that is compatible with Android. In fact, with some rounds of customizations, React Native is now easily compatible with Windows and iOS as well.

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